Tibet is one of the autonomous regions in China. As the “Roof of the World” Tibet has long been a favored destination for tourists from around the world. Locked in by towering mountains, Tibet on the southwestern border lies in the main part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the highest in the world, at an average altitude of 4,000 meters. Set up as an autonomous region in 1965, it has an area of more than 1.2 million square kilometers, taking up about one eighth of the total area of China.
The mysterious Buddhist holy place was hidden from the outside world for thousands of years. There are not only the 2700 temples and monasteries, but also the plaza, the garden, the tower, the fort and the monument. For adventurers and traders it was a legendary land of treasure and World-renowned Tibet lies on a snow plateau. The effect of which means a glorious sun set against a dark blue sky, floating white clouds and desolate mountains has earned Lhasa the nickname “the City of Sunlight”.
Lhasa is a unique and spiritual city. After a thousand years of vicissitudes, it has managed to retain its ancient palace, thick with religious history, its ancient temples, relics and streets whilst simultaneously keeping pace with modern society. Visitors have every reason to visit Lhasa when they come to Tibet.
Fall in love with Lhasa. Lhasa is the reason that is the appeal to tourists all over the world to the mystery of the plateau, a hub for the tourists to Tibet, is the end of each tourist and starting point, it is the plateau of the holy city can’t be ignored. Lhasa locates in the southeast of the Tibet autonomous region, the Yarlung Zangbo river tributaries, north of Lhasa river, east of Nyingchi region, Xigaze region in the west, Naqu area in the north, south and south border. North-south longitudinal distance 202 kilometers, the maximum horizontal distance of 277 km, districts with a total area of 29000 square kilometers.
“Lhasa” in the Tibetan language as “holy land” or “Buddha land”, is the center of politics, economy, culture, religion. Tibet, splendid and magnificent Potala palace, is the symbol of supreme religious regime. As early as the 7th century, after merged neighboring tribes, unified Tibet by Sontzen gampo. He moved the capital from Yalong to Luozi (namely now Lhasa), establish the Tubo dynasty. Released in 1982 and its as the national first batch of one of the 24 famous historical and cultural city. Lhasa city is located in the valley alluvial plains, 3650 meters above sea level, is one of the highest city in the world. Terrain tilt from east to west, belongs to the plateau climate temperate semi-arid monsoon climate zone, annual sunshine hours 3000 hours, so have “sun city” reputation. Annual precipitation is 200-510 mm, concentrated in June – September. The highest temperature 28 ℃, the lowest temperature of -14 ℃. Thin air, the low temperature and daily temperature difference is big, dry winter and spring, more wind. Frost-free period of 100-120 days. Plateau in the ancient city of Lhasa, with its clear blue sky, clear water, fresh air and pleasant environment to give visitors left a good impression.
What to see in Lhasa
In 641, Songtsan Gambo, ruler of the Tubo Kingdom, had the Potala Palace built for Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty. This ancient architectural complex is considered a model of Tibetan architecture. Located on the Red Hill in Lhasa. The stone-and-wood-structured Potala Place consists of the White Palace and Red Palace.The White Palace, comprising halls, temples and courtyards, serves as the living quarters of the Dalai Lama. The Red Palace includes various chambers for worshipping Buddha and chambers housing the eight stupa that contain the remains of fifth through thirteenth Dalai Lama. The palace also collected a large number of sculptures, murals, scripture and other valuable cultural relics. In 1994, the palace joined the list of world cultural heritage sites.
Dzongyao Lukhang Park
Dzongyao Lukhang Park is a famous garden in Lhasa,which is at the foot of the potala Palace.It is known as the Dzonggyab Lukhang meaning literally "Water Spirit Temple behind the Fort". The island measures roughly 40 m. in diameter, and the rectangular lake 270 x 112 m. Nearby to the south-west stood the elephant stables, Langkhang, built in 1791 by the Eighth Dalai Lama.
The Jokhang or “House of the Lord,” Temple in Lhasa is the most revered and intensely spiritual holy site in Tibet. It is the destination for pilgrims from all over the country and from different sects of Tibetan Buddhism, or Lamaism, and provides continued evidence of a tradition that had its beginnings over a thousand years ago. Pilgrims prostrate themselves in prayer in front of the main entry. Some come hundreds of miles in a continuing prostrate position, body length by body length. The Jokhang or “House of the Lord,” Temple in Lhasa is the most revered and intensely spiritual holy site in Tibet. It is the destination for pilgrims from all over the country and from different sects of Tibetan Buddhism, or Lamaism, and provides continued evidence of a tradition that had its beginnings
Norbu Linka is classified as a key cultural relic uner state protection, located in the western suburb of Lhasa, Tibet. It was established in 1740s (Dalai Lama VII’s period); it was a place where Dalai Lama of each period cut summers and handled administration affairs. With the extension lasting for more than 200 years, it covers a total area of 360 thousand square meters; the main building is characterized in Gesang Podrang, golden Podrang, Dadengmingjiu Podrang, there are 374 rooms. Accordingly, it is the largest in scale, the best in scenery, and the most in historic sites of Tibetan artificial garden.
It’s said that in 647, the first Tibetan King Songtsen Gampo (617 – 650) built the Jokhang Temple.Due to its magnificence, it quickly attracted thousands of Buddhist pilgrims. As a result, a trodden path appeared. That is the origin of Barkhor Street. Today even still many pilgrims hold the prayer wheels to walk clockwise there from dawn to dark. Also you can see some pilgrims walking or progressing body-lengths by body-lengths along the street. Even some of them are teenagers or have experienced thousands of miles' walk to reach this sacred place. The way they express their piety could make you understand the holiness of religion
Drak Yerpa Cave Group
Around 30 kms to the North – East of Lhasa, Yerpa is one of the holiest cave retreats ever. At one time the hill at the base of the Cave – dotted cliffs was home to Yerpa Monastery. The Monastery,however, was effectively laid to waste in the Cultural Revolution and there is very little to see nowadays. From the ruins of the monastery, it is possible to see some of the cave retreats a couple of hundred meters away at the foot of the cliffs. The history of Drak Yerpa includes many of the great names responsible for the establishment of Buddhism in Tibet. The Emperor Songtsen Gampo meditated in seclusion here: Guru Rinpoche and several of his disciples also meditated here.Although the ancient Kadampa Gompa has been destroyed, the geomantic qualities that made Drak Yerpa a major power place still remain and still attract hermits to its caves.
Drak Yerpa Monastery
Drak Yerpa is about 18 miles to the norhteast of Lhasa, it is probably not of great interest for the average traveller, but for those with a particular interest in Tibetan Buddhism, Yerpa is one of the holiest cave trtreats ever. At one time the hill at the base of the Cave— dotted cliffs was home to Yerpa Monastery. The history of Dark Yerpa includes many of the great names responsible for the establishment of Buddhism in Tibet Emperor Songtsen Gampo meditated in seclusion here: Guru Rimpoche and several of his disciples also meditated here. Here Jowo Atisha chose to preach extensively. Although the ancient Kadampa Gompa has been destroyed, the geomantic qualities that made Drak Yerpa a major power place still remail and still attract hermits to its caves.
Situated at the foot of the Mountain Gambo Utse, 5 kilometers from the western suburb of Lhasa, the Drepung Monastery is known as the most important monastery of Gelugpa in Tibetan Buddhism. It is considered one of the ‘Three Great Monasteries’ (the other two are the Ganden Monastery and the Sera Monastery. Covering an area of 250,000 square meters (299,007 square yards), it held 7,700 monks in total and possessed 141 fazendas and 540 pastures in its heyday, and is the largest-scale monastery among the ones of the same kind. Seen from afar, its grand, white construction gives the monastery the appearance of a heap of rice. As such, it was given the name ‘Drepung Monastery’ which, in the Tibetan language, means Monastery of Collecting-Rice.
Before enter into JIE GU from XINING, the one you see on the North roadside wrapped by JinFan which is a kind of long narrow flag and Wind and Horse flag, and also surrounded by prayers. The first generation Living Buddha from Jiegu temple —JIANA had spent his late years in a new village at the east of JIEGU town. Moreover, he built Mani Heap here. People call it Mani village. There is a tradition for Tibetan, they believe the one more piece of stone you put on the Mani Heap, you will get one merits and virtues. So until last century 50years, New went through about 200years, people made a 1.5meters high wall by picking bavin. Mani village enclosed a Mani stone town which the acreage more than a football court. The red color deity pagoda inside city looks stateliness and spire, JinFan is flowing in the wind, royalty and sanctity. The story goes that there has 25 hundred million Mani stones, people name it “the biggest Mani Heap in the world” and it is the symbol of Tibetan
Built in the 8th century, Samye Monastery was the first Buddhist monastery to be founded in Tibet. It is also notable as the site of the "Great Debate" between the Indian Mahayanists and Chinese Chán (Zen) Buddhists.
Geothermal Resources and Hot Spring in Yangpachen
Located beside the Qinghai-Tibet highway to the west of Yangpachen town, about 90 km. away to the northwest of Lhasa, there is rich geothermal resource which is the biggest natural wet-steamed geothermic field with high temperature in our country as well as the highest geothermal field in altitude. The geothermal Spring Holiday Resort covers an area of 20,000 sq. km. inclusive of food,entertainment, accommodation, hot spring bath and swimming as well as some other services with the indoor swimming pool, such as wave lashed bath, fragrant bath and medical bath. One may see the hot springs crystally clear with more buoyancy, and all kinds of diseases can be cured if a visitor dips himself into the spring. Now it has become a famous sanatorium for tourists. In addition, tourists may have a chance to visit the highest altitude of the Cosmic Ray Observatory, the Yangpachen Monastery and the Nunnery.
Dezong Hot Spring
Located in Mozhugongka County Lhasa City and by the side of Dezhong Nunnery, Dezong Hot Spring is a bathing spot of Zhigong Lama with better medicine effect. It is a charming Tibetan village in a valley with alpine pasture on both sides, where are full of fresh green and unknown flowers in summer. The constructions here are typical white and well-arranged, among which there is a nunnery with gold roof and conch sound rebounding from morning till night, greatly arousing your emotional feeling. There is a stream in the valley, extending to the top of snow mountains far away. Dezong Hot Spring offers a very marvelous bubble bath. It is said that it can heal many skin disease and snack live in the bottom of the bath but it will not bite persons. The pools are divided into ones for male and female respectively and with a stone wall in the middle, and there is a hole through which tourist can peep the other bath. However, nobody does that since people here are very simple and honest. The nunnery watching the bath is pretty and shy, and she can not speak Chinese, only does the gesture and smiles. The Tibet houses are unique, and people are bathing in the sunshine, making them languid. Beside the pools for male and female, there is a pool for nunnery to wash their hair.
Nyenchen Tanglha Mountains
Nyenchen Tanglha is a 700km long mountain range located in the Tibet Autonomous Region , at an average latitude of 30°30'N and a longitude between 90°E and 97°E. Together with the Gangdise range located further west, it forms the Transhimalaya, which runs parallel to the main Himalayan range north of the Yarlung Tsangpo river. The range is divided into two main parts: the West and East Nyenchen Tanglha, with a division at the 5432m high Tro La pass near Lhari. West Nyenchen Tanglha includes the four highest peaks in the range, all above 7000m: Mount Nyenchen Tanglha,Nyenchen Tanglha III and Jomo Gangtse, all located in Damxung County of Lhasa Prefenture. West Nyenchen anglha separates the basins of the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the south from the endorheic basins of the Changtang in the north. In particular, it lies to the southeast of Namtso Lake. East Nyenchen Tanglha, located in the prefecture of Nagchu, Chamdo and Nyingchi, marks the water divide between the Yarlung Tsangpo to the south and the Nak Chu river to the north. The rugged and heavily glaciated range counts more than 240 peaks over 6000m, culminating with Sepu Gangri. Most of the peaks in East Nyenchen Tanglha, sometimes called the Alps of Tibet, are unclimbed. According to the Langzhou Glaciers Research Institute, there are a total of 2905 glaciers in the range covering a total area of 5898km².The longest glacier is Qiaqing glacier.
What to see in Namtso
Namtso Lake’s touching beauty should not be missed by any traveler who visits Tibet. Its purity and solemn are symbols of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The water here is a storybook crystal-clear blue. Clear skies join the surface of the lake in the distance, creating an integrated, scenic vista. Soul of every visitor who has ever been here seems to be cleansed by the pure lake water.
What to see in Shigatse
The city is located at an altitude of 3,840 metres at the confluence of the Yarlung Tsangpo river and the Nyang River in west Tibet and was the ancient capital of Ü-Tsang province. It is also the name of the surrounding county.
Located on the south slop of the Nyimari hill in the west of the city of Shigatse, the Tashilunpo Monastery was originally built in 1447, which is known as one of the six major monasteries of the Gelug Sect. It is the largest monastery in the Tang area of 300,00 sq. m. Tsongkhapa’s 8th discip;e, Gelug Drupa, the 1st Dalai Lama, built it with the finacial aid from the Pakdru regime. The monastery was expanded and renovated by the 4th, 5th and 6th Panchens. Thereafter, the Tashilunpo Monastery stands at an impressive scale today and becomes the residence for each successive Panchen Lama. The highlight of the monastery is the statue of Maitreya Buddha made of copper with 22.4 meters high, which looks graceful and dignified in appearance. It is considered to be the highest statue in the world.
Mt Qomolangma (Mount Everest)
Stretching on the Sino-Nepal border, in the middle section along the Himalaya range, to the south of Tingri County, the Qomolangma stands as the highest peak in the world with 8848.13 m above sea level within the circumference of 5000 sq. km around the peak, there are about four of the 8000-meter high peaks, and thirty-eight of the 7000-meter high peaks. The Rongpu Monatery at the foot the Qomolangma is the highest monastery in the world. It is only 40 km away from the peak and is the base camp for mountaineers to climb its summit from its slope. Glaciers are widely distributed on the north slope of the peak; there are 217pieces among which the biggest is the Rongpu Glacier.
Pelkhor Chode Monastery
Lying about 230 kilometers south of Lhasa and 100 kilometers east of Shigatse, Pelkhor Chode is a monastery having the characteristics of Han, Tibetan and Nepali architecture. Pelkhor Monastery boasts one of Tibet’s two intact examples of a Kumbum Stupa. To understand what this means we must examine each of the two componentd of this concept. A kumbum meaning “100,000 Buddha images is a three dimensional embodiment of the two-dimensional mandala. Both are religious models of the Buddhist cosmos, ordered symbols of time, space and causation. By moving through either of these microcosms, one a diagram, the other a structure, the devotee re-enacts and re-affirms a path to enlightenment.
Zongshan Anti- British Battle Ruins
The Zhongshan Fort Ruin of Resisting British Army is located on Zhongshan Mountain in Gyantse County in Rear Tibet. Zong, meaning castle in the Tibetan language. It used to be an ancient castle where the Tibetans bravely fought the British army’s invasion a century ago. In 1961, it became the important preservation unit of cultural relic in China.
Holy Tsepuri Mountain
Located in the boundary of Tingri County, the Tsepuri Mountain rises about 5,500 m above sea level and is called “ The Flying Mountain”. It is said that this mountain came flying from India and later fixed here with 12 wood stakes by Shakyamuni. There is a ruined palace in the mountain that appears rather spectacular. The high walls, the arched mountain gate, the central palaces, the temples are still remaining in traceable shape.
At the end of the Gaden Lam is the Dechen Phodrang, the site of Thimphu’s original Trashi Chhoe Dzong. Since 1971 it has housed the state monastic school, and a long procession of monks often travels between here and the dzong. A team of 15 teachers provides an eight-year course to more than 450 students. The 12th-century paintings in the goemba’s Guru Lhakhang are being restored by a United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO) project. The upper floor features a large figure of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal as well as the goenkhang (chapel devoted to protective and terrifying deities). The central figure in the downstairs chapel is the Buddha Sakyamuni.
There are large collections of historical cultural objects stored in the monastery, such as the letter of appointment to the Sakya by the Central government of Yuan Dynasty, jade seals, crown, gown,sculptures and religious articles and porcelains from Sung and Yuan Dynasty as well as precious mural paintings ect. The Sakya Monastery has large collections of classic books, which are not only the volumes of Kagyur and Tengyur or scriptures written on pattra leaves, but also more than ten thousand classics on astronomy, geography, history, medicine and literature.
The Holy lake in Tibet
Yamdrok Lake is one of the three largest sacred lakes in Tibet. It is over 72 km long. The lake is surrounded by many snow-capped mountains and is fed by numerous small streams. The lake does have an outlet stream at its far western end. Around 90 km to the west of the lake lies the Tibetan town of Gyantse and Lhasa is a hundred km to the northeast. According to local mythology, Yamdok Yumtso lake is the transformation of a goddess.
It is located in the boundary of the Purang County. The Manasarovar Lake is the highest fresh water lake in the world stretching over some 412 sq. km.Manasarovar in indian language is the most venerated of Tibet’s many lakes and one of the most sacred lake in Tibet. with its blue waters, sandy shoreline and snow capped- mountain backdrop, is water offering to the mount kailash. According to ancient hindu and buddhist cosmology the four great rivers of indian subcontinent, the indus, ganga, sutlej and Brahmaputra, arise from manasarovar, though in reality only sutlej originates at the lake.
Lanangtso (The Demon Lake)
Lhanag- tso Lake appears dark blue and is very salty. Thre are no plants, no cattle or sheep around the lake. Everything seems lifeless. That’s why the lake is called the Ghost Lake. It is said that Lhanag- Tso Lake and Mapam Yumco Lake used to be one lake. Later the middle part of the lake descended, and a small long hill divided the lake into two lakes, which are Mapam Yumco Lake and Lhanag- tso Lake. A long water channel, Ganpa Chu, connects the two lakes. Although the channel is usually dry, the local people believe that one day, water in Mapam Yumco Lake will flow into Lhanag- tso Lake and a red fish will swim into the lake. Then the water in the Ghost Lake will be as sweet as that in Mapam Yumco Lake.
Zhegu Lake is located in Comai County, Lhoka Prefecture, Tibet. It covers an area of about 70 square kilometers (7000 hectares). With the average depth of 20 meters, it is about 4620 meters above the sea level. Various kinds of fish live in this lake, and birds gather on the lake. Around the lake are a boundless grassland and continuous snow-topped mountains. All of these beautiful sceneries are reflected on the surface of the lake. So, Zhegu Lake is a good destination for photographers. The name of Zhegu Lake means bent moon. It is the sacred lake of the religion of on. Every year, large groups of Bon believers come to pilgrimage. As a famous tourist spot, the scenery here, despite that it differs as the season changes, is beautiful all the year round. So, tourists can come whenever they are free.s nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.
Lhamo La-tso or Lhamo Latso , the small oval ‘Oracle Lake’, is where senior Tibetan monks go for visions to assist in the discovery of reincarnations of the Dalai Lamas. Other pilgrims also come to seek visions. It is considered to be the most sacred lake in Tibet. It is also known as “The Life-Spirit-Lake of the Goddess”, the goddess being Palden Lhamo, the principal Protectress of Tibet. Other names include: Tso Lhamo , Chokhorgyelgi Namtso and Makzorma and, on old maps, as Cholamo.
Tangra Yumtso Lake
Tangra Yumtso Lake, the most important holy lake for Bonnism, is near to the ruins of Shangshung Kingdom. It is in the shape of a pestle and surrounded by mountains among which Mountain Dalguo is covered by snow all year round. The water is pure and limpid. Its beauty and charm is beyond description. Besides the comfortable climate, its geographical condition is a strategically impenetrable defensive barrier. Thus, ancient Shangshung Kingdom had built palaces here and left lots of ruins, which hold an important position and play an essential role for the researches of Shangshung culture and Bonnism.
The famous holy Moutain in Tibet
Mt. Kailash, 6,740 m. is situated to the north of the Himalayan barrier, wholly within Tibet. It is the perfect mountain with awesome beauty, with 4 great faces. It is the spiritual centre for four great religions: Tibetan Buddhism, Hinduism, the Jain religion and the pre-Buddhist animistic religion -Bonpo. To Tibetans it is known as Khang Rimpoche (Precious Jewel of Snow) and they see it as the navel of the world. It is said that a stream from the mountain pours into a nearby lake and from here rivers flow in the four cardinal directions. The River of the Lion Mouth to the North, the River of the Horse Mouth to the east, the River of the Peacock Mouth to the south and the River of the Elephant Mouth to the West. Strangely enough, four major rivers do indeed originate near Kailash, the Indus,the Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra), the Karnali and the Sutlej.
The famous ruins in Tibet
Ruins of Donggar
The ruins of Donggar are located about 40 km. to the north of Tsada. There is a grotto complex In the mid-9th century, the Tubo Kingdom collapsed. The descendants of King Lang Dharma established their own independent kingdoms Chide Nyimagon became the king of Ngari, who had three sons.The Guge Lingdom was set up after the second son had conquered Tsaparang. The main ruins of the Guge Kingdom are in Tsaparang where the dilapidated construction and the natural earth forest are perfectly integraded. discovered in recent years. According to the preliminary survey by experts,it is one of the big monasteries built in Lotsaswa Rincehn Sangpo’s period in the 10th century. It had been once the center of politics, economy and culture during the Guge Kingdom. Stretching over a length of 2000-meter cliff, now the ruins survive with more than 200 caves like the honeycomb. When
looking into theh distance, you may find that they look much more magnificent. In these caves, there are many exquisite rock paintings. To the north of the ruins, you may see another bigger complex,which consist of 1000 caves inclusive of ruined stupas,monasteries and walls.
Ruins of the Guge Kingdom
More than 400 houses and 800 caves are piled up on the mountain slope in 300 m in height. Being the old capital city of the Guge Kingdom, the Tsaparang ruins are the largest complex in Tibet next to the Potala Palace, which covers an area of 72,000 sq. m. The main buildings of the Guge Kingdom consist of the red and white temples and mandala halls. The murals covering a thousand of sq. m. can be considered its most precious remains. Among these murals you may see the paintings of animals, which can not be seen easily in other places, and the picture of a human head with a snake body. There are other caves scattered around the ruins, which have preserved some weapons,helmets and armors used by ancient warriors.
The relics in Tibet
Tsada Clay Forest
Tsada, which means in Tibetan “the place where there are grass in the lower reaches of river” is a County under the administration of Nagri Prefecture. Famous Tholing Monastery and relic of Guge Kingdom stand there. Entering into Tsada County, the clay forest standing on both sides of Elephant Spring River wind over more than five kilometers. Some clay are like the warrior defending the mountain top, some like thousands of horses galloping, and some like devout followers of a religion cultivating themselves, standing there quietly. From different view, you can get different wonderful scenery.
The bird island in Tibet
Palgon Tso Lake
The total area of the lake covers 604 sq. km. The lake formed in long and narrow shape with a wide-opened coverage on the surface of water on both sides and a river-tunnel shaped of water in the middle part. It is about 150km long from east to the west and 2-5 km wide; the narrowest part being only 5m. The main part of the lake is 110km from east to west. There are more than ten islands in the lake and they are the paradise for all kinds of birds. That is why it is called “the Birds Lake”.
The rock painting in Tibet
Rutok Rock Paintings
It is on the way from Seng-ge Khabab River to Rutok. There are several places with these rock paintings. Among them, the lively pictures of animals and figures carved on the Renmudong rock paintings value of art.
Rock Paintings in Rongma
Located in Nyima County, a number of ancient paintings are found on rocks of Rongma Village. Jialin ck painting, the most famous of its kind appears on a hill opposite to a small river about 5 km.south to the Rongma Village. Most of the paintings are of animals such as goats, horses and yaks,which appear in singles or in herds. Two or three species of animals are drawn together on one single rock. All these paintings are simple in style, vivid in color and far-reaching in significance.
What to see in Nyingtr
Nyingchi city is situated in the southeastern side of Tibet Autonomous Region well adorned with its magical panorama. Nyingchi in Tibetan language means ‘The Grand Throne of Sun’ is situated at an average altitude of 3000 m which is comparatively lower to other cities of Tibet. This makes the city temperature quite normal without any sudden changes. The area is home to huge well-preserved forests, grown here for many years. And that makes these forests quite rich in flora and fauna varieties. Due to its scenic charisma, Nyingchi City has been called as “The Switzerland of Tibet”.The people in Nyingchi city belong to Menba and Luoba tribes and are strong followers of their traditions. One has to keep in mind the time at which they choose to travel to Nyingchi. Due to its varying altitude, the climate here is generally wet and rains are quite heavy in the area especially from October to April. This makes it difficult for travelers
Bengri Holy Mountain
Located in the north of the middle reaches of the Yarlung Tsangpo River, to the southeast of Pulong in Nyingtri County, is one of the sacred mountains worshipped by pilgrims of Bon religion. Legend said Padmasambava challenged Akyung Gyalpo, the head of Bon religion, to compete supernatural power. The two fought against each other at the foot of the Bengri Mountain; Pasmasambava wanted to destroy the mountain and moved it to block the Nyangchu River, but failed. The Bon Religion still exists. Even now, round about the Benri Holy Mountain there still remain some legendary ruins including a big stone, a magic bird, the heavenly ladder and the holy water etc. The scenery in the Bengri holy mountain is beautiful in different seasons.
With beautiful natural landscapes, Bayi Town has a lot of famous scenic spots. The Summer Waterfall and Winter Icefall, Lake Riggemu Co, and the Giant Cypress Forest keep attracting a lot of tourists here for sightseeing. There is a famous white mulberry in Pangna Village, about 40 kilometers away from Bayi Town seat. It is said that this white mulberry was planted by Songtsen Gambo and Princess Wencheng of Chinese Tang Dynasty. It is 7.04 meters high and could be dated back to 1600 years ago. Hence, it was praised as “king of white mulberries”. The famous Giant Cypress Forest is located in Pagge Village, about 10 kilometers away from the Bayi County seat. It covers an area of 10 hectares. There are numerous precious Tibetan giant cypress trees in the forest. The “king of giant cypress trees” in the forest is over 50 meters high and could be dated back to 2500 years ago.
Lamaling Monastery, also known as Zangdrok Pelri Monastery and Burqug Lamaling, is a Buddhist monastery located near the village of Burqug, Buchu, Nyingchi County, in Tibet, on a small hill 1.5 km south of Buchu Monastery. The monastery belongs to the Nyingmapa sect, translated as the ‘Ancient Ones’; their lineages go back to the first infusion of Buddhism from India to Tibet in the 7th century CE. The Nyingma sect incorporated many of the traditions of the native Tibetan Bon religion,which respects nature and local nature spirits.
The beautiful peak in Tibet
The Namjabava Peak, literally “a spear piercing into the sky “ in Tibetan, having an altitude of 7782 m above sea level is famous for its “iceberg’s father ” which is the fifteenth highest peak in the world. It stands to the interior of the bend of the Yarlung Tsangpo River. The west slope of the Namjabava is deeply cut by snows and eroded by its precipitous cliffs. The naked rock in the cliff shows traces of snowslides. There are full of glaciers in the valley, which mostly belong to the marine glacier. A lot of hot springs are at the foot of the peak with particularly luxuriant vegetations.
What to see in Nakchu
In Gulu Township 92 kilometers to the south of Nagqu Town, the Zhoima Canyon Scenic Spot has an average elevation of 4,700 meters. It has good transport facilities and a nice natural environment with beautiful mountains and lakes. In June and July, the climate here is temperate and comfortable. With flowers and grass everywhere, the spot is attractive.
Ruins of Shangshung
It is said in a legend that there were two Shangshung Kingdoms where Bonnism flourished. One was in Tsada in Ngari and the other was in Qingzhong County, Nakchu. The ruins in Qiongzhong are facing to the holy lake, Dangra yumtso, at the back of Bon’s sacred mountain, Daguo. Shangshung Kingdom was overwhelmingly powerful on Qinghai-Tibet plateau in ancient times with vast territories before it was incorporated into Tubo Kingdom in the 8th century AD. Thus, the ruins of Shangshung Kingdom look magnificent, covering an area of one square kilometer.
Taper Bird Island
Around Siling Tso Lake in Shentsa County, a wetland of 14,000 sq. km. is preserved as the natural reserve for black-naked cranes, which are known to Tibetans as trung-trungs. Among 15 species of it is known to us, the black-necked crane is the only one living in the plateau. Owing to its special living conditions, both of its living and breeding rate is very low. According to the International Red Book of Birds and the International Trade Convention for species in imminent Danger, the black-necked crane has been listed as an urgent rescued bird. There area other eighties of kinds of birds living in Tsoer Island during spring to summer. The speckle-headed goose can be frequently seen and tens of thousands of birds come here from the Mediterranean.
Shabten Lhakhang Monastery
Shabten Lhakang Monastery is the biggest branch monastery of Sera in North Tibet. Judging by its construction, it is a typical Gelukpa Monastery. Shabten means rituals for longevity. In the 16th century, Gelukpa Sect suffered persecution from the Tibetan King of the time. To meet the need of religion in North Tibet and their own livings under the hard condition, monks of Sera monastery who were born in Nakchu conducted Buddhist rituals in tents in every summer in Nakchu town. As a result, seasonal tent temples appeared in Nakchu. The relics in the temple include a bronze statue of Shakyamuni, a 10-meter high golden-bronze statue, ancient scriptures and Thangkas.
The grassland in Tibet
Changtang Grassland is a culturally rich land as well as a paradise for the wild animals and plants.On the vast grassland, yaks, sheep and nomadic people’s camps can be seen everywhere. And the colorful long-standing nomadic culture created by the nomadic people can be appreciated here.
The Glacier in Tibet
Puro Ganri Glacier
Puro Ganri Glacier is 150 km. from the Twin Lake, covering an area of 400 sq. km, 6,842 m above sea level. The high frigid ecological system of most original snow peaks and glaciers are well protected here. It plays an important role in scientific researches of the global geography and glaciers.
The Snow mountain in Tibet
Daguo snow mountain
At the foot of the Daguo Snow Mountain, there lies the Tangra Yumco which is regarded as a holy lake. It is one of the three holy lakes in Tibet. The Tangra Yumco is the largest holy lake that the ancient Bonpo worshiped in Tibet, and it’s the third largest lake in Tibet, covering an area of 1400km2, 70km long and 20 km wide, with an altitude of over 4600 meters. It is alos the fourth largest salt water lake in Tibet. The lake is in shape of a dorje, the upper part is round, middle slim and lower part long, embraced by numerous mountains, with a lake on every side. There are four fountains around the lake, and pilgrims often take shower in the lake in hope of washing diseases and sins away.
The Natural reserve in Tibet
Shentsa Natural Reserve
Situated 600 km. west of Nakchu Town, Shentsa County lies at the foot of a mountain with Mountain Jiagan on the west and Lake Geren to the northwest. The marshland running from the lake to the county is the part of Shentsa Natural Reserve for black-necked crane. During spring to summer, hundred of black-necked cranes nest and breed here. Shentsa is a hinterland boasting of many lakes. Most of its wetland is original and the cological system still well keeps balance including a large number of wild rare animals. Shentsa wet land is a major part of Northem Tibet. The vegetation of Shentsa wetland is mainly composed of frigid grassland, frigid bush, algae, marshes and aquatic plants. Meditterranean brown-headed gulls,speckle-headed geese, black-headed cranes, wild ducks and species of birds live in harmony together. There are over 120 species of birds living in Shentse Natural Reserve of which 29 belong to the first-class and second-class national protection.Between July and August, different kinds of birds sing and dance provide an equality magnificent scene.The festival in Tibet Nakchu Jocky Club Every summer, the city of Nakchu comes alive to the sounds of horses hoofs galloping and the yells and hoots of the horsemen and the crowds. The annual Nakchu Horse Racing Festival is underway! Nakchu, an important trading city, is situated on the Lhasa-Ziling highway. Lying in the midst of the rugged mountains, this city is home to the hardy Tibetan nomads or drokpas, and has been for centuries. It is a vast pastoral area bordered by rugged mountain terrain. Nakchu is popular throughout Tibet for its annual Horse Racing Festival. The Tibetan highlanders are adept horsemen,and in the month of July most of them weave their way to Nakchu to take part in the race. The city bears a festive look with the scores of appliquéd tents that are pitched up, bordering the Nakchu race course. This race course, at 4500 m, is undoubtedly the highest race course in the world. The Tibetans throng the racecourse looking grand in their traditional finery. The town has few hotels as most of the participants, mostly Tibetan nomads prefer to camp in their own tents, which are quite large and roomy and colorful too. During the festival, shows of horsemanship skills, including archery on horseback and racing, are the main attractions. There will also be much revelry and merry making among the participants and the crowds. Tibetans rarely let an occasion pass without singing and dancing. Over here the weather conditions are harsh and the facilities for visitors are quite basic. However the Horse racing Festival presents a great opportunity for both Tibetans as well as the visitors to participate in an age old festival.